ADVANCE D3.2 Improvement of automated proof
In an Event-B development, more than 60% of the time is spent on proofs. That explains why all users are naturally keen for the proofs to be as automatic as possible and why the automated prover enhancement was a continuous task since the birth of the Rodin platform.
Enhancing the automated prover can be achieved by core platform refactorings and additions to it, such as the addition of integrated reasoners and tactics, but also by the integration of some external reasoning ability such as external provers (e.g., SMT solvers).
From the core platform point of view, and within the ten first month of ADVANCE, it consisted into two tasks: the addition of rewriting and inference rules, and the addition of a mechanism to allow the customization and the parametrization or combination of tactics. The user is now able to define various types of tactics called 'profiles' which could be customized and parameterized tactics to discharge some specific proof obligations. The user can furthermore share and backup these defined tactics using the provided import/export mechanism.
From an external point of view, the SMT Solver Integration plug-in allowing to use the SMT solvers within Rodin as an effective alternative to the Atelier-B provers, particularly when reasoning on linear arithmetic. It is maintained in the time frame of ADVANCE, and increases the rate of automatically discharged proof obligations.
Motivations / Decisions
The proportion of automatically discharged proof obligations heavily depends on Auto-Tactic configuration. Sometimes, the automatic prover fails because the tactics are applied in an unappropriate order. Since Rodin 2.4, a new tactic combinator 'Attempt after Lasso' is available in the tactic profile editor as well as an import/export feature. Indeed, a user that elaborates a good profile for a certain proof pattern is now able to share or backup this profile thus increasing the number of automatic proofs for a given proof pattern.
Two main reasons mainly motivated the integration of SMT solvers into the Rodin platform. Firstly, to allow Rodin to benefit from the known capacity of such solvers in the field of arithmetics. Secondly, to extract some useful information from the proofs that these solvers produce such as unsatisfiable cores, in order to significantly decrease the proving time of a modified model. The translation of Event-B language into the SMT-LIB language is the main issue of this integration. Two approaches were developed for this. The more efficient one is based on the translation capabilities of the integrated predicate prover of the Rodin platform (PP). It is completed by translating membership using an uninterpreted predicate symbol, refined with an axiom of the set theory.
Enhancement to automated proof will continue during the ADVANCE project. Notably, the remaining missing rewriting and inference rules, that have already been documented, will be implemented together with new rules.
Maintenance of the SMT solver integration plug-in will be ensured within the time frame of ADVANCE. In particular, the translation to SMT-LIB will be completed by adding some support for mathematical extensions.
Finally, connecting other provers (such as Super Zenon and iProver) to the platform will be investigated.